Another simple and rough way to categorize the essays in this volume is to say that some of them are old left (Shih, Manqoush et al., Raihanah, Hashim), and some of them are new left (McGrath, Leon, Mochizuki, Allen). By Old Left and New Left, I mean the Socialist left and the postmodern Left. The Socialist perspective of the Old Left did not require a paradigm shift. It did overturn received notions of which came first, the realm of ideas or the realm of the material, but it still relies on the discourse of social science. Its analysis generally focuses on allocation of resources and power. The new left questions the very language in which social problems are posed. It is inflected by multiculturalism, and is more relativist in its epistemology. Artists and literary critics are critiquing the status quo, but finding different ways of doing it. Their works are symptoms of our times and offer a hope for renovation.